To better understand the disproportionate effects of the COVID-19 pandemic among low-income and minority communities in the United States, researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health created the nationally representative Pandemic Pulse survey. The team has been deploying a series of short "pulse-surveys" across the United States to gauge different aspects of the populations' response to the pandemic - ranging from adherence to anxiety, access to testing and care, vaccine perceptions, food insecurity, among others. The sample was selected to be representative of the population by age, gender, education, and income for each US Census region. The survey specifically recruited Black/African American and Hispanic/Latinx populations to analyze the disproportionate effects of COVID-19 by race and ethnicity.
Round 1 of the nationwide survey, implemented between 9/1/2020 - 9/7/2020, had 1,592 respondents, It covered nine modules: demographics, risk perceptions, education, viral testing, stigma and agency, COVID-19 knowledge, medication and treatment perceptions, pregnancy and antenatal care, and vaccine perceptions and information. Results of this study are still currently under peer-review.